About Sports Cars

A sports car belongs to a category of cars that are low to ground, less weight, and are high-powered. Looking at the specifications, one can easily say that this category of cars belong to a distinct and elite category of cars. Owing to the high speeds of the car, the handling is also equipped with high maneuverability and precise handling. Even though transport is of the least concern to sports cars, due to its performance and the care given for handling, they are easily the costliest cars in market..

Layout:
The most successful sports cars in the market had been the ones with the front-engine, and rear wheel drive layout. This layout is crucially important for the performance of a car. But in case of weight distribution and handling other layouts are also sometimes used. For example, the RMR layout is also found in sports cars which has a center mounted chassis. Ferrari and Lambhorgini have preferred this layout in their cars.

Porsche is one of he manufactures who use a rear-wheel drive, rear-engine layout. The most known among their cars to use layout is the Porsche 911. A Porsche 911 provides excellent traction, but due to the concentration of weight at the back, it becomes prone to over steering in some conditions. To overcome this, Porsche has made other adjustments electronically, to readjust the shortcomings over the years.

Power-weight ratio:
The power to weight ratio is one of the most important factors involved in the manufacturing of sports engine. This is due to the fact that the heavier the vehicle the greater the power required to increase vehicle speed and acceleration. It is always good to keep the weight of the engine as low as possible. For this, aluminum alloys are used for cylinder heads.
The Turbo charging of the air intake is basically force-feeding the air in to the engine. By doing this, almost 50% more fuel can be injected into the engine which improves performance.

The Over-square engine:
An oversquare or shortstroke engine is an engine whose cylinders have a greater bore (width, diameter) than the length of the piston. This is a positive aspect, because a longer stroke means greater friction and a weaker crankshaft. An oversquare engine is generally more reliable, and can be run at a higher speed; however, with good technology the limitations of other engine regarding this, can be overcome.

Another important factor involved in performance is the bore size to the length of the piston stroke. An over square shorter stroke sports engine is more suited to a high power output engine, typical of that used in sports cars. A sports car has average speeds around 300 km/h. Some of the best performing sports cars in terms of speeds are given below.

Mercedes-Benz C 63 AMG Coupe VÄTH V63 – 208 mph
BMW M3 G-Power SK III Sporty Drive RS – 208 mph
BMW M3 G-Power M3 SK II – 206 mph
BMW 1M G-Power G1 V8 Hurricane RS – 205 mph
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Ted Silva at Cal State Fullerton Baseball Team

Ted Silva is a pitcher coach who had won many awards and honours such as All-America First Team, College World Series All-Tournament Team, Big West Pitcher of the Year and
All-Big West First Team.

In the year 2005 – 06, Ted silva started his coaching career as a volunteer assitant at Cal State Fullerton, who was a former CSF All- America right-hander. At Cal State Fullerton, Silva guided the Titan staff log a national-best at 4.54 ERA (In 2006, this team was the only team in the country under 3.00) to a pair of Big West conference Championships, and a trip to the College World series. After that, Silva joined as a pitching coach at Nebraska on June 17, 2011

Before his coaching career at Cal State Fullerton:
Before his coaching career, he was a “standout pitcher” at Cal State Fullerton from 1993-1995 and was a two-time first-team all-conference selection. In 1994, he represented Titans on Team USA. In 1995, Silva earned first-team All-America honor for playing a key role in winning the national title for Titans. In the same year, The Big West Conference named him as the “Pitcher of the Year” for leading the nation in victories with a single – season record school-record 18 wins (18-1 overall)
In “1995 Major League Baseball Draft” the following members of the Cal State Fullerton Titan baseball program. At that time, Titans baseball team was coached by Augie Garrido.

Player Position Round Overall MLB Team

Jon Ward

RHP

8th

211th

St. Louis Cardinals

Tim Dixon

LHP

14th

395th

Montreal Expos

D.C. Olsen

1B

15th

423rd

Montreal Expos

Ted Silva

RHP

21st

570th

Texas Rangers

Tony Miranda

OF

24th

666th

Kansas City Royals

John Mitchell

RHP

25th

692nd

Toronto Blue Jays

Joe Fraser

2B

27th

744th

Minnesota Twins

Brian Loyd

C

39th

1091st

Cincinnati Reds

Jeremy Giambi

OF

44th

1218th

Detroit Tigers

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Cal_State_Fullerton_Titans_baseball_team

World’s Best Selling Cars of 2013

Forbes released a list of world’s best-selling cars in 2013. Ford Focus is in the first place among them. The other models from different makes such as Toyota, Volkswagen, Hyundai, Chevrolet, and Honda are in the race with its big numbers. Now we will see them.

  • Ford Focus: The Ford Focus is an example for its global strategy. In the United States it is outsold by other small cars, but occupied world’s number one position for its worldwide large numbers sales. LMC Automotive expects that Ford Focus may short by the Toyota Corolla, in this year. As it already more than a million vehicles sold.
  • Toyota Corolla: In the year 2012 Toyota Corolla is the world’s most popular car and number one best seller. But it lost its position in the year 2013 and stands after Ford Focus in the second position. The redesigned Corolla is fun to drive and looking more stylish achieved a million plus number in the vehicles sales.
  • Volkswagen Jetta: The Volkswagen Jetta was sold with different names in different markets, those are Bora or Vento. It has a variety of powertrains. Jetta has both hybrid and diesel engines. The worldwide sale of these vehicles are projected by LMC are more than 905 thousands.
  • Hyundai Elantra: The Hyundai Elantra sold as Avante in its home market, Korea. Hyundai become a major competent in the global automotive industry. With 11 percent up from 2012 sales it expected about 866,000 vehicles sales worldwide with both Elantra and Avante models.
  • Chevrolet Cruze: Chevrolet launched Cruze in China in 2009. This is its first truly global car. This played a key role behind the growth of the Chevrolet brand worldwide. In 2013 its worldwide sales are expected to exceed 729,000 vehicles.
  • Toyota Camry: Camry is the most popular passenger car in the United States and has good number of sales. This is the only mid-sized vehicle in the Forbes world’s best seller list. Its projected global sales in 2013 are 728,230 vehicles.
  • Volkswagen Golf: The seventh generation Volkswagen Golf has yet to go on sale in United States and China. But it is already in the best selling rank of Forbes list. The new model of golf and along with the Exiting model in Chine and the United States, it is expected more than 720,000 vehicles according to LMC. The new model will be launch in the United States as 2015 model.
  • Ford Fiesta: Ford Fiesta is a mini lcar. In the United States it has seen moderate success, but its high tech package and sporty made this mini car as popular in many countries. Its global sales are expected to more than 705,000 vehicles.

Honda CR–V and Volkswagen Polo are in the list. The Honda CR–V sales are expected to be more than 697,000 for the year 2013. And the Volkswagen Polo is expected 686,000 vehicles.
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Best Selling Models of Volkswagen in 2013

The German automobile manufacturer is the second largest automaker in the world. The website 24/7 Wall St compiled three cars that Volkswagen has them in the top ten best selling list of all time. Those models are Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Beetle and Volkswagen Golf. These are not in the top ten list for the year ended 2013 as per the sales statistics in America. Volkswagen Jetta and Passat are in the race with 12th and 22nd positions respectively. Now we will see these two in detail.

Toyota Prius has given a good competition in both the years, but it is not overreached the Volkswagen Jetta. Due to this decrease and an increase of 3.6 percent in sales Nissan Versa took the 21st rank. Mazda 3 has given a good competition to Volkswagen Passat for the year 2013.

  • Volkswagen Jetta: The sales of Volkswagen Jetta in 2013 are 163,793. In the year 2012 ended it has sold 170,424. It shows a decrease in sales of about 3.9 percent during the year.
  • The gas mileage of Volkswagen Jetta is 22 to 30 mpg in city traffic and 33 to 42 on highway traffic.
  • Advantages with the Volkswagen Jetta including fuel efficient, smooth ride quality and spacious interior and trunk. Drawbacks are weak base engine, sluggish throttle with automatic, high price of TDI for diesel model, and lackluster interior materials.
  • Its 2013 model comes standard with active front head restraints, side curtain airbags, front side airbags, traction and stability control. Except for the base model, all Jetta models have front and rear anti-lock disc brakes.
  • In the government crash test, Volkswagen Jetta got four star rating out of five. Of this five stars for side impact protection and four stars for front crash protection. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has given good rating for its roof strength and frontal offset tests.
  • Volkswagen Passat: The sales of the Volkswagen Passat in the previous year are 117,023. With 6.3 percent of decrease, in 2013 it achieved 109,652.
  • The Volkswagen Passat’s city mileage is 20 to 31 mpg and highway is 28 to 43 mpg.
  • The diesel TDI is fuel-efficient, good quality smooth riding and spacious trunk and interior are the pros for Volkswagen Passat. Cons are weak base engine, sluggish throttle with automatic, price of TDI is high, and lackluster interior materials.
  • Volkswagen Passat standard safety features in 2013 model include side curtain airbags, front side airbags, traction and stability control, and anti-lock disc brakes. The hill hold control is also available in manual transmission models. When it met a crash incident, the Intelligent Crash Response will automatically cut the fuel supply, unlock the doors and hazard flashers turns on.
  • In the government crash, for side crash protection, frontal impact protection and over all protection it got five star rating. In the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety ratings it got the rating of ‘good’.

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Digital Marketing Helps Tire Brands to Grow Sales

Google has recently released a research report on effects of digital on tires purchase and research by the buyers while they are going to shop. 91% purchases have grown year over year (YOY) driven by routine maintenance and the shoppers are said to be spending more per transaction.

The number of buyers who are considering more than three brands is growing 38% YOY. Brand name and reputation are more important in the research prior to purchase. Shoppers are using digital as a combination of video, mobile and search.

  • Reasons for purchase: The reasons for buying the tires are, routine maintenance (33%), the tread level on the tires was low during routine maintenance (27%), based on tread depth and/or mileage (24%), tire had puncture (21%), upgrade the tires to get the better performance (17%), seasonal changes (like winter tires 13%), friends or family member suggested to buy new tires (13%), while driving feel something strange with tires (13%), bought previously owned car (10%), to improve appearance (9%), there is a warning from retailer (8%), and warning from dashboard (7%).
  • Researching time increasing: The shoppers are spending more time on researching and is increasing YOY. 41% of shoppers spent over a week on researching and it is 35% in the year 2012. The researching time by the shoppers in 2012 and 2013 are:
  • Four weeks or more: 4% in 2013 and 5% in 2012.
  • Three to four weeks: 3% in 2013 and 4% in 2012.
  • Two to three weeks: 12% in 2013 and 8% in 2012.
  • One to two weeks: 22% in 2013 and 18% in 2012.
  • One day to one week: 35% in 2013 and 32% in 2012.
  • Less than a day: 23% in 2013 and 33% in 2012.
  • Spending per transaction: 61 percent of the shoppers spent over $150 per tire, it is increased from 47% in 2012. The other spending slabs are as follows:
  • Less than $150: 53% in 2012 and 39% in 2013.
  • Between $150 to $200: 27% in 2012 and 33% in 2013.
  • Between $200 to $250: 12% in 2012 and 14% in 2013.
  • Between $250 to $300: 4% in 2012 and 8% in 2013.
  • More than $300: 4% in 2012 and 6% in 2013.
  • More brands are considered by shoppers: Consumers considered for more brands year after year as part of tire purchasing process. 30% of respondents considered more than three brands in 2013, which was 21 percent last year. Two brands consideration was 16% in 2012 and rose to 18% in 2013. One other brand consideration is 31% and 30% in 2012 and 2013 respectively. Also, those who considered no brands decreases from 31% in 2012 to 22% in 2013.

The important features for the tire shoppers in 2013 are physical appearance (55%), recommended by vehicle (57%), brand (67%), fuel efficiency (75%), ride comfort (77%), past positive experience (79%), traction (81%), warranty (82%), affordability or price (84%), and durability (85%). The online purchase increased to 29% in 2013 from 10% in 2012.
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Ford’s Best Selling Models in 2013

Ford continued to have the market leadership and the market share with its models in the year 2013 among the several other brands competition. The long running sales champion of Ford’s Ford F-150 is the top selling model for Ford in 2013 and in the market, it is after newly redesigned Chevrolet and Ram trucks. We will see its sales figures in 2013 and its specifications.

  • Ford F – 150: The year to date sales of Ford’s F-150 up to 2013 November in United States is 688,810 and in the month of November 2013, it achieved 65,501. The fuel economy is 17 mpg in city and 23 mpg highway. Available safety features are antilock brakes, electronic stability system with trailer sway control and roll stability control, front seat side impact and side curtain airbags, and integrated brake controller. Numerous convenience features, largest selection of variations, particularly the turbocharged V6 and compelling engine lineup are the attractions. Frustrating electronics interface, starting to show age compared to newer rivals are discouraging.
  • Ford Escape: In the month November 2013, 20,988 units are sold in United States and year to date sales are 271,531 units. With these numbers, Ford Escape is in the second place of Ford’s best selling cars in 2013. The mileage is 22 on city traffic and 31 on highway. The available safety features are blind spot warning system, backup camera, side curtain and front seats side impact airbags, electronic stability system and antilock brakes. Pros of Ford escape are comfortable seating, high quality cabin, agile handling, many high tech features fuel efficiency and good performance. The touch electronics interface with My Ford is frustrating.
  • Ford Fusion: The Ford Fusion sales in November 2013 are 22,839 and year to date sales are 270,872. Gas mileage is 22 mpg in city and 34 on highway. Safety features are with forward-collision warning adaptive cruise control, backup camera, blind spot warning system, inflatable rear seat belts, side curtain and front seats side impact airbags, and electronic stability system. All-wheel drive, eye-catching style, advanced safety and technology features, quiet cabin composed ride sharp handling and fuel-efficient turbocharged engines are the advantages. Disadvantages are improper touch interface and slow processing times.
  • Ford Focus: The sales of Ford Focus in 2013 November are 15,239 and year to date sales are 219,001. Fuel efficiency in city is 26 mpg and 36 mpg on highway. Coming to its safety features – traction control, electronic stability system, antilock brakes, front seat side impact and side curtain airbags. High tech options, abundant list of upscale, well and stylish made interior, strong engine, quiet and refined ride and nimble handling are the attractions. The drawbacks are quirky automatic transmission response, and little short legroom at backseat.

The total year to date sales of Ford in 2013 are 2,194,934 of this 1,450,214 are contributed these four models as well in its November sales of 182,978 of total, 124,567 contributed by these four models.
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Top 10 Google Adense Alternatives

Google Adsense is widely used program used for advertising online. Adsense offers its services to millions of websites across the world. Then there might be question why people are looking for other similar alternative even though Google Adsense is best. This is because Google Adsense follows strict policies and it is very hard to get approval from them, it pays comparatively less rates and so on. Here are the some of the alternatives to the Google Adsense that may help you out.

  • Chitika: Chitika is a PPC advertising network. These ads are search targeted, and are displayed according to the keywords typed by the browser in reaching your site. In other words, Chitika displays different ads based on the search made by the browser in the search engine.

It is one of the best alternatives to Adsense in local and mobile sector. Recently Chitika announced that now it has become operational in all countries across the world.

  • Infolinks: Infolinks is an effective advertising network. It shows in-text ads on website posts and blog posts. The best part of Infolinks is – where you can earn money on ads without giving a space on website or blog posts. This is because in-text ads convert the keywords and phrases of blog and website posts into advertising links.
  • Exit Junction: Exit Junction is a unique online advertising network. These ads are displayed when users leave your website rather than at the arrival time. It is suitable for those who have good amount of traffic to their sites. Here you will get paid for each impression.
  • BuySellAds: BuySellAds is a direct advertising network where the advertiser buys ads and publisher sells ads. You can earn money by selling some ad space in your website to the advertiser.
  • Bidvertiser: Bidvertiser is another Google Adsense alternative. It offers a toolbar that allows the user to see the sponsored ads in your website through search results. And these ads can be customized to mimic with your website. Some of the benefits offered by Bidvertiser:
  • It supports different ad formats such as banners, skyscrapers, mobile and so on.
  • It allows only the highest bidding advertiser’s ads to be displayed on your website.
  • Kontera: Kontera is the best advertising network offers Cost Per Click ad sales model. In other words, you will be paid for every ad click by users. It is in-text ad service, dds links to the specific keywords of a content which are shown as a double underline. As these links are context sensitive, then it does not require any additional space or layout in site. Therefore, click through ratio can be high to your site. It is relatively easy to get accepted by Kontera. You will get paid via PayPal, check.
  • Intellilinks: Intellilinks is an advertising network and is similar to Infolinks. It places organic text links across the growing network of your site. This helps the publisher to gain traffic and revenue to his/her site. The best part of Interllilinks is you can post ads either manually or automatically that is with or without reviewing the ads. And its another interesting feature is no payment threshold.
  • Clicksor: Clicksor is a contextual advertising network. Here ads are displayed based on keywords and phrases present on the web-page content. It offers six different ad formats such as in-text ads, text banner ads, graphical banner ads, pop-unders, interstitial ads and search box ads.
  • Abside: Abside is a geo-targeted advertising network. These ads are highly targeted to visitors of the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.
  • Media.net: Media.net is another good alternative to Google Adsense. It is part of Yahoo and Bing networks. It is relatively easy to get approval from them. It offers ads such as content ads, mobile ads, search targeted ads. It is based on pay per click. Thus, you will get revenue when the user click the ads. The revenue generated will be transferred to your account.

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Top Affordable New Cars of 2014

For most auto shoppers in a new car purchase, price remains the real driving force in their car buying decision process. If budget limitations mean looking for low cost brand new car, the following are the cheapest deals on the new wheels. Despite being bargain basement, some of these entry level vehicles or cars offer standard equipment lists, more fun behind wheel than anticipated, and unexpected cargo capabilities. Prices listed here are official manufacturer’s suggested retail prices and include destination charges.

  • Nissan Versa Sedan ($12,800): The Nissan Versa sedan continues its reign as the most inexpensive new vehicle available in the United States. While the Nissan Versa Sedan wears its miserly crown proudly, it also features with some decent equipment, namely a CD stereo, air conditioning, and some fairly economically priced options. Fuel economy ratings of the base model check in at 27 mpg on city and 36 mpg on highway. Upgrading to an automatic version costs around $1,000.
  • Chevrolet Spark LS ($12,995): The Chevrolet Spark LS is available only in two door hatchback form. It is an entry level offering from General Motor’s. The Chevrolet’s 1.2 liter four cylinder engine has 84 horsepower. The Spark LS is outfitted with aluminum wheels, an adjustable steering column, hill start assist power windows and air conditioning. The Chevrolet Spark LS comes with a manual transmission and fuel economy. Its fuel economy is rated at 31 mpg city, and 39 mpg highway.
  • Smart Fortwo pure ($13,240): The smart fortwo pure plays its price leader role too well. It is no cruise control, no air conditioning and offering no audio system. Its 1.0 liter three cylinder engine develops a scant 70 horsepower. The Smart fortwo pure does not even make 40 mpg highway, those numbers just do not add up.
  • Mistsubishi Mirage ($13,790): The new 2014 Mirage will raise the eyebrows of the hypermilers in the crowd. At 34 mpg city and 42 mpg highway, with the four door hatchback delivers the best fuel economy ratings of a hybrid. Can upgrade the transmission for around $1,000 and the 1.2 liter three cylinder realizes the fuel efficiency 37 mpg city and 44 mpg highway.
  • Kia Rio LX (14,400): Buyers can opt for Kia Rio LX sedan or pay out about $200 more for roomier Rio5 LX hatchback. A carryover of new for 2013 proposition, the Rio has 1.6 liter 138 horsepower engine. It tallies fuel economy of 29 mpg city and 37 mpg highway in numbers.

There are some other affordable models from different makes. Those are Ford Fiesta S sedan ($14,795), Nissan Versa Note ($14,800), Chevrolet Sonic LS Sedan ($14,995), Toyota Yaris L 3-door ($15,240), Hyundai Accent sedan ($15,340), Kia Soul ($15,495), Mazda Mazda2 Sport ($15,515), Honda Fit ($16,215), Scion iQ ($16,420), Scion xD ($16,675), Kia Forte LX ($16,700), Nissan Sentra S ($16,800), Dodge Dart SE ($16,990), FIAT 500 Pop ($16,995), and Nissan cube ($17,570).
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Understanding Affiliate Marketing

For online retailers, affiliate marketing technique is one of the most popular advertising tool. It is a performance-based marketing. A business rewards the affiliates when they brought visitor or customer with their effort. In the affiliate marketing, there are four core participants, the merchant, the network, the publisher and the customer. The merchant is also known as brand or retailer, the network takes care of the payments and contains offers that can choose by affiliates, the publisher is also called as affiliate.

  • Types of affiliates: There is no exact definition and common industry standards for the affiliate’s website. There are some generally considered affiliate website types or categories by the affiliate marketers. Those are search engine affiliates which promote the advertiser’s offers by utilizing pay per click, directories, comparison shopping websites, discount or coupon websites, niche products or services sites, personal blogs and websites, Loyalty websites with reward system for purchasing via cash back and points back, cause related marketing websites with charitable donations, website syndication feeds and web-logs, email and newsletters, video blogs & websites, file sharing websites which hosts directories of software, games, movies music and other digital media, virtual currency websites which offers with a handout of virtual currency in a virtual platform or game by utilizing social media, etc.
  • Compensation methods: The compensation or the commission is depends on the agreement. Each time when a visitor completes an online purchase, or registers for more information or clicks on the ad, the affiliate will get commission. The commission is vary based on the transaction’s nature. If the transaction is completed surveys or page views resulted in sales, the affiliate will get a higher commission. The commissions are generally paid as either flat fixed price or as a percentage of the sale.
  • Benefits: The benefits with the affiliate marketing are:
  • Website owners can earn some extra income with the affiliate marketing. There is no need of extra effort by them for this, because the websites maintaining by them are already up and running. By building a good online reputation and increasing websites traffic, affiliates can earn more and find new partnership opportunities.
  • Retailers to take the advantage of huge potential visitors that offers by affiliate marketing. Retailers can give it for outsourcing when they do not have sufficient time to invest for online promotions or not a web savvy.

Affiliate marketing may sound easy but it is not a guaranteed success for the affiliates or retailers. Over the past few years affiliate marketing become more popular, with this the ads are over saturated in the websites. Retailer and affiliate relationships are looking to be relevant partnerships when the visitors trust both the product and the website.
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Black Box and its Functions in Your Car

Most people are aware that black boxes in airplanes are important tools in investigation when airplane accidents happen. The black box is also termed as event data recorder (EDR). In the car accident investigation, black boxes are gaining slowly a key role. Some people have doubts the black boxes about their privacy issues, black boxes are only helpful to the insurance companies but not for the accident investigators. In fact, black box records the actions of the driver and the events from a few seconds before the collision. Those are including turning, braking, speed etc. With these events recording by the black box, undoubtedly help both insurance companies and the police. It also brings a few benefits to the car owners. Imagine that if you met an accident in an isolated road without any evidence and the mistake is not from your side.

  • Place and functionality: An EDR or black box uses a variety of sensors to records collect and record the data. It is typically attached to the car’s steering column, firewall, or Vehicle’s floor or out of the way location. When a crash or an incident occurs, the black box capture and store the data or information about it. The information is regarding to, time and date of the crash, air bag deployment, and seat belt status, force of impact, braking status, throttle position, steering angle, engine speed, and vehicle speed. It cannot record about mobile phone usage, driver intoxication, driver information, and the location.
  • Why have we black box?: The auto manufacturers are started out black boxes as to refine and measure safety equipment. General Motors was a pioneer in using the black boxes. By early 1990s, it included them nearly all of its vehicles. These were helped the automakers to understand better about the airbags response in the crashes. The dual stage airbags, which deploys on the basis of speed are came into existence because of EDRs results. The better data about the crashes and near crashes have the manufacturer, the more they know about risks and improve the safety. Carmakers also use the EDRs information to track or to find the manufacturing defects.
  • Benefits: The car EDRs are help to determine the events that led to collision and the causes for a car accident. The information recorded in the black box useful to reconstruction of events happen before accident. Through that data, accident investigators, police and the insurance companies can emphasize. Some insurance companies are also offering discounts to the drivers for those who installed black box in their vehicle.

The information recorded on a black box EDR is generally considered as car owner’s personal property. To use the data in the black box the insurance company and the attorney needs a warrant and the car owner’s consent. Therefore, the personal privacy might not impact.
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